Proposal writing

I researched on how to write a project proposal, and found this useful information to get me started: 

‘The procedure or the methodology is the heart of the proposal because it must tell the reader how you propose to carry out your project. It must convince your advisor (or in industry your manager or potential client) that you clearly understand your task, have a logical time plan for solving your problems, and have identified all the resources you need.

If your proposal is for an IQP, you must take special care to explain HOW you plan to relate some aspect of science or technology to society. Note that “technology” need not be defined narrowly here: “technology” can mean the techniques used to manage or evaluate any resource efficiently, not just “nuts and bolts” hardware. But you must explain clearly how your procedure insures that the WPI IQP degree requirement will be satisfied by completing a project which defines, investigates, and reports on a topic relating science or technology to a social need or issue. In short, why is your topic an IQP?

Some of the other questions the reader will expect you to answer in this section are:

What are the tasks and sub-tasks identified to achieve your objectives?
What materials will you need to carry out your project: equipment? computer support? typing? graphics? others?
What data are needed for the project and how will they be collected? If the project requires a survey or interviews, the design of this instrument (especially the selection of participants) must be explained and justified.
What method or process will be used to analyze this data and where else (if anywhere) has this method or process been used?
What time frame do you think you will need to accomplish identified tasks or subtasks? Should schedules be presented in standard forms like PERT or Task Charts? (see Figures 1 and 2.)
If you are working on a team, which teammates will accomplish which sections?
What costs do you anticipate the project will incur — in other words, your budget? (A Budget Summary Request Form must be submitted to the Interdisciplinary Studies Division Office as shown in Appendix 1 for IQP Proposals. A Budget summary for an MQP Proposal should be submitted to the individual department.)’

Then I found some useful questions that I could answer in my proposal:

‘What is the ‘gap in knowledge’ that your work will address?
What are you looking for? What are the questions you want to ask? Ideas you want to investigate? Processes you want to try out?
What do you seek to prove/investigate?
What will you consider the relationship between?
What will you contribute to?
What will you change?
What difference will your research make? Why does it ‘matter’?’

Draft proposal

A draft proposal should address these 5 main areas:

Indicative title – suggests area, and question or statement to be investigated
Aim and focus of the study
What is the gap in knowledge?
Questions
Sub questions
Context for the research – why do this now? Previous work and new developments. What is your position?
Theoretical perspectives and interpretations – reading, experts, theories in dialogue with your own work.
Research methodology – why this methodology? Defend it.
Research methods – how will these methods help you ask your questions? Defend them – and your use of them and your sample.
Research design and outline plan of study – stages of your work – over time.
Ethical considerations.
Draft chapters.
Justification for the level of the award – why does this research matter? What does it contribute to knowledge in the field?
Primary texts.

I then found a excellent site/pdf on how to write a proposal and how to section your writing/research- http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/soc/documents/WRITING%20research%20proposal.pdf

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